There are several types of speeches one can use to deliver a message, to sell an idea, to persuade, or impart knowledge to the intended audience. What are these types of speech, when to use them, and what are some insights on which types of speeches should be used based on multiple occasions, the audience, and the desired result?
Here’s the list of 14 Types of speeches for your reference:
- Persuasive Speech
- Informative Speech
- Motivational Speech
- Demonstration Speech
- Special Occasion Speech
- Entertaining Speech
- Explanatory Speech
- Debate Speech
- Oratorical Speech
- Forensic Speech
- Impromptu Speech
- Pitching Presentations
- Farewell Speech
- Eulogy or Funeral Speech
If you are curious to know what types of speech best fit your intended audience or message that you want to pass across, then I strongly believe that this post will be of interest to you.
The complete Types of Speech Series – Please find some insight for each type of speech by clicking the links below
PUBLIC SPEAKING & INTENDED RESULT OF YOUR SPEECH
The art of giving a speech is usually performed before a large or small audience, like in a school, the workplace or even a personal gathering. We give speeches every
Reflect back to those times where you had to stand in front of a bunch of people and talk about something. It could be as simple as an oral report of an assignment in a school or as complicated and demanding as a proposal at work. After you were able to gather all your materials and prepared yourself well, getting up to the podium and dish it all out was the next logical step.
The success or failure of those public speaking experiences or speeches is all a result of how much you have sharpened your public speaking skills. It is important to sharpen your skills and knowledge of speech giving because the art is not quite the same as talking to a crowd of people. There is a way information is conveyed in speeches, and that is what makes it stand apart from just regular talking to people.
When it comes to giving speeches it all comes down to who is saying what, to whom, using what medium with what effect. Simply put, who is the exact source of the information? What is the message or information itself? Who is the audience, while the medium of communication is actually the delivering method being used by the speaker, then it all ends in an effect.
You can think of the desired effect as the speaker’s intentions for making the speech. Knowing exactly why and to whom you will deliver the speech helps you navigate and select the best out of the different types of speech, and use proper techniques to ensure your speech is relatable, engaging, and memorable.
14 DIFFERENT TYPES OF SPEECH
The idea behind demonstrative speech is basically to educate the audience that is listening to something they are not aware of. The unique thing about demonstrative speeches is that they could include various visual aids which can help further demonstrate or describe in practical terms how to effectively do something. At first glance, one can say that demonstrative speech is more like informative, but the difference is in the fact that informative speeches do not exactly include actual demonstrating of how to do or perform an action.
Imagine that you will give a speech on how to write a blog post, how to sell clothes online, how to fish successfully, or even how to build a house, these can all be considered as demonstrative speeches.
If you’re wondering how to go about getting a speech like demonstrative speech started, the best way is to start by asking your self-critical questions like how or why or what is. These questions will help start the process of creating a power demonstrative speech. Also, as you must know already, a demonstrative speech cannot be considered one without the use of visual aid to help support the process of demonstration.
A great example of demonstrative speeches nowadays are the ones delivered by Apple, and other companies when they are unveiling their latest flagship smartphones, or any other product.
Entertaining speech is quite a common or should I say a familiar one
Related Article: 6 Solid Tips for a Memorable Entertaining Speech
Entertaining speeches are usually quite short and are basically for the purpose of entertaining the audience. You may think it is a simple task to give an entertaining speech, but in reality, it actually is not. One must master being witty and humorous to be considered a good entertaining speaker. So before you think of jumping on a podium and giving one of those entertaining speeches don’t forget to brush up on some of your jokes and stories.
Informative speeches are speeches mainly performed for the purpose of educating the audience on new or relevant piece of information on a particular topic.
To convey this information, informative speech givers do not make use of visual aids in their speeches but rather make use of facts, statistics, educative information, and data, all this so that the audience can learn something and say they have been informed on the topic.
A good example of an informative speech is the one you get form your tour guide when going on a tour of a museum. The tour guide carefully and critically details out certain information about the objects in the museum as he or she takes you around. Therefore, any time a speech is given to give the audience details or information on a particular topic, this can be considered as an informative speech.
When giving an informative speech, the speaker is expected to present statistics and facts about the topics to back is claims and assertions. Informative speech topics can range from social and economic changes in our community to climate change and how it affects our world today.
So, the next time you hear someone dishing out facts, stats and critical information on a certain topic be sure to note that he or she is giving the audience an informative speech.
A persuasive speech is a speech given solely for the purpose of convincing the audience listening that the opinion of the speaker on a particular topic is the right or correct one. Whether you are discussing what movie to watch next or which political standpoint is best for the economy, you are making a persuasive speech.
In order to successfully convince an audience, most speakers tend to use concrete evidence and facts to back up their argument. The use of those various facts makes their own argument seem more sensible and believable, thereby persuading the audience to stand with them and support their claim. This is one of the best ways to ensure your persuasive speech is very effective, by giving solid facts you can easily get the audience to rally around you and give you their support.
A close example of a persuasive speech is one a lawyer gives to the jury in order to convince them to stand with him on the case at hand and vote in his favor. Another good example is one that a presidential candidate give in form of his campaign speech in order to convince the citizen to vote him or her as the next president of the country.
Persuasive speeches, depending on the topic, can also be built around emotions and feelings of the speaker and how they resonate with the audiences; If you are trying to convince people to raise fundings to a cause, to help children, elderly, oppressed women, and so on. The facts are a must, but ultimately in these situations appealing to the audience emotion should yield better results.
I have another post discussing in detail how to deliver persuasive speeches, what are the best techniques to persuade others, and I also shared 120 persuasive speech topics and ideas and how to go about selecting the best topic for your speech in another post, be sure to check it out.
Oratorical speeches are a type of speech that is delivered in the style used by an orator. Its name and definition are quite humorous because orator and oratorical both relate to the act of giving a speech.
This type of speech is usually given on very special occasions like a graduation ceremony, inauguration or ribbon-cutting event. This type of speech can take shape in two distinct forms, they can be long and quite formal in situations like funerals, graduations, and inaugurations, or they can be short and informal in situations like the speech given during a toast in a special event.
Related Article: 7 Oratory Secrets: How to deliver an effective oratorical speech?
There are various events and places where one can give an oratorical speech like a birthday party, retirement party, coming out party and a bunch of others. Political speeches are usually considered as oratorical speeches, especially when they are not used to settle an argument but rather to preach virtue and appeal to common basic truths.
Although in oratorical speeches the speaker giving the speech is not necessarily trying to persuade the audience on a particular matter but as fairly general as they are in nature, oratorical speeches can still address certain issues. Arguably the best and most common example of a oratorical speech is an inauguration speech. It contains all the true elements that make a good oratorical speech.
Special occasion speeches are speeches that don’t exactly fall into any particular category of speech. Hence, the name special occasion. They can include speeches that are given to introduce a speaker or announce the arrival of a guest. They are designed to be short but interesting and direct to the point.
Another good example of special occasion speeches is a tribute speech given to pay tribute to a person whether they are dead or alive. An award acceptance speech is also another form of special occasion speech, it is given solely to appreciate the audience for the award and Express how much it means to you.
Related Articles: How to give an Effective Special Occasion Speech?
These special occasion speeches are designed to be short, around ten minutes, straight to the point and somewhat mood setting in nature. Most times, special occasion speeches are upbeat and fun, you can easily just go online and find out how to get started on your own little special event.
Writing speeches for special events are usually the easiest as they do not require statistics, demanding need for information and knowledge, just a simple couple of lines could do the trick for you.
One can consider the motivational speech as a special type of speech in which the general self-improvement of the audience is the goal to be attained. A speaker generally engages in this type of speech to encourage and inspire the confidence of his audience to do better with and for themselves.
Related Article: 5 Great Tips for more Effective Motivational Speech Delivery
These types of speeches can be found in situations like the office where the boss is talking to his employees, trying to inspire them to put in more effort to get the job done or a football match where the coach is trying to motivate his players to give the match everything they got so as win and be crowned champions.
These speeches are great to motivate people, to inspire them and uplift their self-esteem. There are certain techniques used in given out motivation speech in order for them to yield the best result.
Examples of motivational speeches are seen in schools, whereby teachers try to encourage students to put in extra work and do better in order to improve their grades and overall records.
Motivational speeches are important in society, it is the best way to move a crowd of people towards achieving a certain goal. They can be given to inspire people to fight for a cause in society or their various local communities.
If you are interested in learning how to become a motivational speaker, I have an article with easy tips on how to become a motivational speaker which you can follow and start your journey on that path. Just check the post here.
Explanatory speech is one of the types of speech which is given to critically explain a situation or thing. They are somewhat similar in nature to the demonstrative speech. However, the explanatory speech is different from the demonstrative speech in the sense that the explanatory speech gives a detailed step by step and breaks down of how to do something. It is also different in the sense that it does not make use of visual aid to assist in understanding.
Related Article: Explanatory Speech: 7 Key Tips for an Effective Explanatory Speech
The explanatory speech simply just details the step by step to get the know-how on any task or subject. A good example of explanatory speech is the one being given by a speaker on a food talk show, explaining the step by step procedures to make various dishes or the witness explaining how an event took place.
9. Debate speech
During the cause of a formal debate event, there is a lot of verbal exchanges being made by the two or more parties involved. This act of debating takes shape in many forms in our contemporary society. These forms include the following; classical, impromptu, parliamentary, mock trails, extemporaneous and even public forum.
As the normal standard in general debate, all sides are given an equal amount of time to give a speech on how why they think their opinion or view on a certain matter is the right one. Debates are not quite like persuasive speeches because rather than trying to convince the other side to join you on your side, you are simply trying to justify why you are of an opinion on a certain matter.
Debates have certain rules, regardless of what side of the argument you pick, both or all parties get an equal amount of time to prepare for it. Being a debater you get to develop and harness certain skills like public speaking, researching, initiative skills, and even leadership skills.
10. Forensic speech
The term forensic speech is mainly regarded as the practice and study of public speaking and debating. This definition is from the American Forensic Association, and they believe according to their research that millions of high school students and college students engage in this activity.
The reason why this type of speech is called forensic is because of its strong similarities to the competitions at public forums during the time of ancient Greece.
This event can take place in a simple place like a classroom or in a more sophisticated setting like a national or international event. During the activity, students are advised to research and improve their speaking skills in order to learn other types of speeches.
An Impromptu Speech is one that we have to deliver with no prior preparation or rehearsal time, it’s one of those moments where you are simply called up to speak in an event, in an interview, or in so many other situations.
It can be an embarrassing or ackward experience to be in a situation where you have to speak from the top of your head with no prior preparation. To avoid that, please go through the tips that we shared in one of our other posts on how you can better deal with such stressing situations, and still manage to deliver great impromptu speeches.
Related Article: 80+ Impromptu Speech Topics and 7 Ways to Nail One
The term Pitching Presentation comes from a type of speech that is specifically targeted at getting buy-in and approval for support, generally financial, for an idea, for a business, a product prototype, or a solution.
Being in the working environment and working as a Salesperson you’d probably use this type of speech more often than most people. That is not to say that other professionals, other than salespeople don’t need to master the skills required to ace this type of speech, most of us do.
Check out some details of how you should prepare and deliver a great pitching presentation / pitch speech and get the desired result in the following post.
Related Article: 13 Ways to Effectively Deliver Pitching Presentations
Farewell speech is, as the name implies, the type of speech where you have to say goodbye to people. It can be a Farewell speech done at work, when you are moving on to your next opportunity, or it could be a goodbye speech to your loved ones when traveling for a long time.
The farewell speech has a unique tone to it, it is both sad and encouraging and most often it triggers strong emotions in the audience and the speaker. There is a special level of care with wording and body language that you must have in order to deliver a memorable one. Please check below our 8-step guide on how to deliver memorable farewell speeches.
Related Article: The 8-step Guide to a Memorable Farewell Speech
Funeral Speeches or Eulogy is a type of speech where the main aim is to praise, honor and remember the deceased in front of those attending the service. It can be done by someone who is related to the deceased or by a minister who is asked by the family.
Losing a loved one is one the most difficult experiences you can go through, and being able to find the right words and give a funeral speech effectively is even more challenging. Find our guide on how to outline, how to prepare and how to deliver a heartfelt eulogy in the link below.
The art of public speaking or giving a speech is all embedded in one’s understanding and mastery of the different types of speech. As a public speaker, you have to know what occasion deserves what type of speech.
You first have to consider your message and how you what to deliver it, then on a more important note, you have to consider the desired outcome or effect you want your speech to have. It could either be to persuade your audience to stand with you on a particular matter like government policy or Social structure to something as light as mere entertainment at a dinner party.
Having the ability to speak in public effortlessly and with charisma is a trait and quality every individual in the society should desire. And with the proper understanding of these various types of speeches, as well as the techniques required for each, your abilities as a public speaker are only going to grow, and you will continue to impress and amaze your audiences.
Thank you so much for reading this far, I really appreciate it and would love to hear from you. What types of speech would you love to get more insights on?
REFERENCES & FURTHER READING
PopOptic. 9 Different types of Speeches (Plus Tips and Examples for Each)
. https://www.popoptiq.com/types-of-speeches/ . Accessed on 03/22/2019.
Craig Czarnecki. 3 Types of Speeches Every Person Needs to be Familiar with for Success!
. https://ruletheroompublicspeaking.com/3-types-speeches-every-person-needs-familiar-success/ . Accessed on 03/22/2019.
Lisa Miller. 15 Different Types of Speech.
Types of Speeches: Informative, Persuasive, and Special Occasion Video.
Clippings. 10 Different Types of Speeches. https://www.clippings.me/blog/types-of-speeches/ . (Accessed on August 30th, 2020)